Official name: Tokelau. The islands are occasionally referred to by Westerners by an older colonial name, The Union Islands. It is a member of the Samoic family of Polynesian languages. It is closely related to Tuvaluan.People who speak Tokelauan and people who speak Tuvaluan can understand each other. English is one of the official languages of Tonga. Horatio Hale was the first person to publish a Tokelauan dictionary of sorts, which he did in 1846. It is one of the official languages of Tokelau (the other is English). This is because in English, the word the acts as what is known as a definite article, meaning that a defined object or person is being spoken of. As mentioned above, the use of indefinite articles in these types of statements is very common. Tokelau is een overzees gebiedsdeel van Nieuw-Zeeland.De eilandengroep ligt in het zuiden van de Stille Oceaan en bestaat uit drie atollen met een gezamenlijke oppervlakte van 10 km² en in totaal 1411 inwoners (2011). As fact, the government of Schalamzaar Empire supports them in all stages. Tokelau lies about 300 miles (480 km) north of Samoa and 2,400 miles (3,900 km) southwest of Hawaii. The first rule is that a long vowel will receive the main stress. Tokelau includes three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean between longitudes 171° and 173° W and between latitudes 8° and 10° S, about midway between Hawaii and New Zealand.They lie about 500 kilometres north of Samoa.The atolls are Atafu, Nukunonu, both in a group of islands once called the Duke of Clarence Group, and Fakaofo, once Bowditch Island. [13], Subject/agent case marking: “'The higher the main verb is on the binding scale, the less likely is the subject/agent of the complement to display the case-marking characteristics of subjects/agents of main clauses. Tokelauan is written in the Latin script, albeit using only 15 letters: If so, we invite you to join our Contributor Program. It is spoken by about 1,500 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighboring American Samoa. The island group consists of 3 islands. The 2020 Tokelau Language theme is ‘ Apoapo tau foe, i nā tāfea i te galutau. Tokelau translation in English-Dutch dictionary. Approximately 3000 people in New Zealand speak Tokelauan, and the rest of the known Tokelauan speakers are spread across Australia, Hawaii, and the West Coast of the United States. Tokelau has two official languages: Tokelauan and English. However, in the case of definite article usage in Tokelauan language, if the speaker is speaking of an item in the same manner as the English languages uses the, they need not to have referred to it previously so long as the item is specific. The official languages in the island of Tokelau are the Tokelauan language and English. It is related to the Samoan language spoken by the people of the American Samoan Island of Swains. Pronouns are a subset of nouns, so they cannot be combined with determiners. 'Very soon that star will be in the ascendant. In the binding system, the complements act inversely to the verb of the sentence. Moreover, vowels are lengthened for a more expressive statement. Tokelau is a Polynesian language closely related to Tuvaluan. Together these three atolls lay roughly about two hundred sixty nautical miles away from Samoa. translation and definition "Tokelau", English-Dhivehi Dictionary online. [8] The same can be said for the reference of singular being. Tokelau personel income per capita $1,035, jobless rate and its currency New Zealand dollar (NZD) . Secondly, with some exceptions to rule number one, the second to last vowel would be the main stress (if the long vowel is not the main stress). Tokelauan and English are both widely spoken. Shown below is a table showing Tokelauan premodifying possessive pronouns. It is closely related to Tuvaluan. This week marks the beginning of Tokelau Language Week which UNESCO says is 'severely endangered'. Tongan Language. It is important all the peoples of Aotearoa New Zealand nurture, use and share what we have learned over Tokelau Language Week, showing the respect and love every community deserves for its culture and language. [7] Although Tokelauan is closely related to the Samoan language, there is a distinct difference between their pronunciation of words. "Tokelau" means "north-northeast". Tokelau has two official languages: Tokelauan and English. [8] The usage of the word he, the indefinite article in Tokelauan is 'any such item'. Official Country Name: Tokelau Region: Oceania Population: 1,458 Language(s): Tokelauan, English Literacy Rate: NA Tokelau consists of three atolls—Atafu, Fakaofo, and Nukunonu—located in the middle of the South Pacific with a population between 1,700 and 1,800 people. Since Tokelau lies very close to Samoa, it is common to think that the Tokelauan language has some Samoan language influences, but due to the lack in extensive documentation, it is inaccurate to assume such a thing. Tokelau language. Although there is a preferred method of ordering the phrase (i.e., argument, subject, case complement), the language allows for different variations. Following the economic, political, military, scientific, cultural, and co Each predicate is available for an interrogative and declarative statement, and can also have multiple predicates conjoined. Samoan literature is recognised mostly due to the early introduction of Christian Samoan missionaries to which the Samoan language was held as the language of instruction at school and at church. Tokelau is headed by Administrator Ross … A, E, I, O, U, F, G, K, L, M, N, P, H, T, and V. Its alphabet consists of 5 vowels: Le Comité prend note des travaux approfondis en cours aux fins de la révision des accords constitutionnels avec Tokelau Surprisingly however, the language is spoken by only 1% to 2% of the population across the country, and it is not used as a medium of instruction in schools where the medium is prescribed by the Ministry of Education and Human Resource Development. Population. Legal system: Certain British and NZ Acts of Parliament; Rules of the Tokelau General fono; British common law as at 14 January 1840. Let’s take Tokelauan and English, which couldn’t be more different. Tokelauan is an Austronesian language spoken by about 1,700 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighbouring American Samoa. Many translated example sentences containing "Tokelau" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Tokelauan Language Facts: Tokelauan is an Austronesian language spoken by about 1,700 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighbouring American Samoa. These articles are the and a/an. Tâlofa nî! Useful links. 500 km North of Apia, Samoa: the nearest port. You’ll receive credits toward complimentary access to Ethnologue for every contribution that is vetted and accepted by our editors. Together, they are known as The Union Islands, The Union Group, and as the Tokelau Islands. (Picture caption: This year's Tokelau Language Week runs from October 25-31 and is being launched online by the Taupo Tokelau Community Committee via the official 2020 Tokelau Language Week Facebook page, where you can join in a wide range of online activities.) While many Tokelau residents are multilingual, Tokelauan was the language of day-to-day affairs in Tokelau until at least the 1990s,[4] and is spoken by 88% of Tokelauan residents. Tokelau definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Tokelauan was still only considered to be a spoken language up until the 1960s. [8] However, in some cases, rather than using nā, plural definite nouns are subject to the absence of an article represented by 0. The most common language is Tokelauan, about half the people are able to speak English. [8] The article ni is used for describing a plural indefinite noun. The country was a British protectorate, and therefore was part of British Western Pacific Territories (BWPT), and as a result, English is one of the country's official languages. [8] Examples of nā, a 0 exception, and ni are as such: English: 'Do run and bring me the chairs'[8], ('Ko' in this sentence acts as a preposition to 'te'. [8] If describing a pronoun and using the preposition mai, the article that follows is ia te.[8]. Most of the English language speakers are located in towns. 2 languages are spoken in Tokelau. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. In English, the first word in a sentence is the subject, followed by the verb and object, so we get sentences like ‘John eats food’ or ‘John cooked the fish’. Older generations of people living in Tokelau speak both Tokelauan and Samoan, but the younger generation, due to the newer schooling system, are apt to speak English rather than Samoan. Tokelau translation in English-French dictionary. The 2020 Tokelau Language theme is ‘ Apoapo tau foe, i nā tāfea i te galutau. The islands are occasionally referred to by Westerners by an older colonial name, The Union Islands. There are two articles that are used in the English language. TOP 1sg.POSSguess INT COMPT/A obtain INT DET week, 'My guess was that a full week had passed.'[13]. Tokelau is a Polynesian language closely related to Tuvaluan. "Tokelau" means "north-northeast". Tongan is an official and national language in the Kingdom of Tonga, and includes about 200,000 native speakers. Tokelau is an island state in the southern Pacific Ocean, east of Australia and about 500 km north of Samoa. Languages are as complex and unique as animal species. Capital: Fakaofo, 540 residents (1999) Other important cities: Fenua Fala, and small villages on each of the islands. 7 069 USD. Tokelauan has a co-official status with English in Tokelau. Therefore, if the strength of the verb is higher on the binding scale, the complement is unlikely to appear as its own separate clause. Official Languages of Tuvalu English. )[8], (Notice that this is the use of an indefinite article in an interrogative statement. [14], na havali mai te fale i te auala te teine, Walked from the house along the road the girl[14], na havali te teine mai te fale i te auala, Walked the girl from the house along the road[14], All of which still mean, The fish was eaten by me with a spoon. a (pronounced: /a/), e (pronounced: /e/), i (pronounced: /i/), o (pronounced: /o/) and u (pronounced: /u/); and 10 consonants: It’s hard, but I’m proud of it.” Tuilave is celebrating his language at the annual Pasifika Festival in … Also, 45.8% of the population speak Samoan, and small percentages of the population speak Tuvaluan and Kiribati. It is closely related to Tuvaluan and is related to Samoan and other Polynesian languages. Example: Kuo toeitiiti ol nofo mti te fet0 tEia. To indicate whether a vowel is read short or long, Tokelauan language denotes a long vowel with a macron over the letter symbol. Tokelauan /toʊkəˈlaʊən/ is a Polynesian language spoken in Tokelau and on Swains Island (or Olohega) in American Samoa. [7] There are two dialects in Polynesia, which has shaped the Tokelauan language to sound how it does. This week they celebrate their language and culture. The main language—spoken by over 90% of inhabitants—is Tokelauan, but almost 60% also speak English. About 11 km2. Tokelau community Leader Rob Lui Tuilave says, “I live in a city where there's only a handful of Tokelauans. [8] In 1969, the New Zealand Department of Education published D. W. Boardman's Tokelau-English Vocabulary. The complementizer pe is used for indicative complements, while ke, oi, and ona are used for non-indicative complements. Tokelauan, a Polynesian language closely related to Tuvaluan, Pukapukan and Maori, is the native language, and nearly all people can speak and understand English. The Tokelau languages contains terms for affinal relationships, however, there is no single word that can be transcribed as 'affinity'. [9] Tokelau's language, Tokelauan, belongs to the Austronesian language family and is considered to be part of the subgroup of Polynesian languages. Glosbe is a collaborative project and every one can add (and remove) translations. Are you an expert on the languages of Tokelau? [5] Of the 4600 people who speak the language, 1600 of them live in the three atolls of Tokelau – Atafu, Nukunono and Fakaofo. [8] Hale's publication remained the only published Tokelauan reference until 1969. It is a member of the Samoic family of Polynesian languages. The easiest way to get language packs for Windows 8.1 and Windows RT is to download and install them using the Language Control Panel. [8] However, it is important to remember that just because these two types of statements are where he occurs the greatest it does not mean that he does not occur in other types of statements as well. Most important cities Languages: Tokelau (official), English. [8] Examples of both te and he are as such: English: 'A man has arrived' or 'The man has arrived'[8], (Notice how te in Tokelauan has been translated to both a and the in English.). England . Official Languages of Tuvalu English. [8] However, Tokelauan had been instituted into schools in the late 1940s, so prior to this publication, there wasn't much headway made in the teaching of the language. The people live in four villages: Two of them are on Fakaofo. Boat transport is now by the ferry Mataliki. The self-administering territory of New Zealand is comprised of three coral atolls in the southern Pacific. Tokelauan is written in the Roman alphabet, using 15 letters: a, e, i, o, u, f, g, k, l, m, n, p, h, t, and v. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Mini-dictionary sponsored by Tokelau Magic, "Te Vaka" – A popular New Zealand music group that sings in the Tokelauan language, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tokelauan_language&oldid=6054769, Language articles without reference field, Articles containing Tokelauan-language text, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. -preposition i and a noun phrase following a tense-aspect particle, Example: E i te faleha te faifeau 'The pastor is in the church.'[6]. The use of he and te in Tokelauan are reserved for when describing a singular noun. Look it up now! Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. Violating the kinship relationship means breaching not only the current relationship but the whole kinship of all descendants. Languages spoken by Tokelau residents, 2011. For plural definite nouns, nā is the article that is used. Tokelau is a territory of New Zealand, located in Oceania.The Tokelau archipelago consists of three Polynesian islands, Fakaofo (2,6 km 2), Nukunonu (5,4 km 2) and Atafu (2,2 km 2), which extend for 170 kilometers in the South Pacific, midway between Hawaii in the United States and New Zealand. Tokelauan language does not allow the k's to drop. [3], Loimata Iupati, Tokelau's resident Director of Education, has stated that he is in the process of translating the Bible from English into Tokelauan. [8] This particle is ia, which is used so long as none of the nouns listed above follow the prepositions e, o, a, or ko. This page was last changed on 7 April 2018, at 19:17. Official Name: Tokelau Indigenous Peoples: Tokelauan, in the Polynesian family Official Languages: Tokelauan, Samoan, English and Tuvaluan Political Status: Non-self-governing territory of New Zealand Largest City: Fakaofo Population: 1,411 (2011 est) Greeting: Mâlô nî or Tâlofa. Pe: Complement used in sentences pertaining to knowledge. English: Tokelau - Tokelau. Over 90% of the population speaks Tokelauan, just under 60% speak English. Name: Tokelau Code: TKL Official Name: Tokelau Located: Australia and Oceania Capital: Nukunonu Calling Code: +690 Flag of Tokelau Coat of Arms of Tokelau Demographics and Politics Form of Goverment: Constitutional monarchy Official Languages: Tokelauan, English Regional Languages: Tokelauan, English Population: 1384 A territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. The dwarf state has a total area of only 12 km² and a total coastline of 101 km. Tokelauan is spoken in Tokelau, American Samoa, and by Tokelauan people in New Zealand.. The islands are occasionally referred to by Westerners by an older colonial name, The Union Islands. [6], Similarly to English, for each clause in Tokelauan there is a predicate. '”[13] (Quoted from Givón), Tokelauan is a quite free flowing language as the sentence structures can vary greatly. The fact that all these sounds are interchangeable regardless of when it arrived at the islands suggests that no one dialect surpassed the other. English originated from this country itself is spoken by about 98% of its population. In a census in 2001 in New Zealand, only 44 percent of the people with a Tokelauan background could hold a conversation in the language, compared to 53 percent in 1996. 3.) South Pacific Ocean Official language(s) English and Local Languages Short name Niue Tokelau Demonym Niuean Tokelauean Official Website Niue and Tokelau were New Zealandic dependent territories. As obvious as the name suggests, the official language of England is English which is spoken by more than millions of people around the world. Tokelau . Tokelau is a non-self-governing colonial territory of New Zealand that comprises a group of three tropical coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. (See Sources of Law for a complete overview) Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal Official Languages: Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English It is the official language of Tokelau. The most common use of the term, however, is used when speaking about the sexual contact between individuals. Greeting. 12 km². Change over time; Multilingualism Greeting. Ke mau mai, ke mau mai ’ which in English translates to, ' Never give up hope, even amidst chaos and much uncertainty. In 20th May 2014, both of them declared indpendence from New Zealand, by Schalamzaar Empire. Meaning, the argument is one section that would shift together and subject is its own unit. Tokelau Language Week Te vaiaho o te gagana Tokelau Mālo ni, . Tokelau language. Currency. Government of Tokelau. Its official languages are Tokelauan and English. 319 031 km². It is a member of the Samoic family of Polynesian languages. [8] When the subject of a sentence is a locative or name of a place, ia is also used as the particle in those particular, as well as other specific instances. The Tokelau [8] The absence of an article is usually used if a large amount or a specific class of things are being described. Tokelau is a non-self-governing colonial territory of New Zealand that comprises a group of three tropical coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. The islands Atafu and Nukunonu each have one village. '[13], The Tokelauan language also must take into mind the systematics of its complements. There are certain rules when it comes to sentence permutations when it comes to “subject shifting” or “case scrambling.” Generally, across these sentence permutations, the parts of speech, such as argument, subject, and case complements, have to stay together. Tokelauan schools lacked an abundance of resources and materials that could be used to educate their children on the language. (A type of verbal predicate is an evaluative predicate which can and usually occurs with no argument). There are approximately 4,260 speakers of Tokelauan, of whom 2,100 live in New Zealand, 1,400 in Tokelau, and 17 in Swains Island. [8] Because of the difference in grammatical ruling, although the definite article in the Tokelauan language is te, it is very common for it to translate to the English indefinite article a. The official Government website. Motto:Tokelau Mo Te Atua CapitalNone; each atoll has its own administrative centre. Languages: Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English Government: Country name: conventional long form: none [8] When describing a plural noun, different articles are used. With fewer than 5000 speakers, the Tokelauan language is endangered. Also, 45.8% of the population speak Samoan, and small percentages of the population speak Tuvaluan and Kiribati.. Change over time It makes our dictionary English Tokelau real, as it is created by native speakers people, that uses language for every day. 5 m. EEZ. As of 2019, there are 55 sovereign states and 27 non-sovereign states where English was an official language.. GDP per capita. The Tokulauan language makes use of complementizers pe, ke, oi, and ona. Stay united, stay strong'. 45.8% of the population speak Samoan, small percentages of the population speak Tuvaluan and Kiribati.Since 2006, there has been growth in the proportion of the Tokelau population who can speak languages other than the country's native tongue. A macron is a horizontal line, also seen in English. ), The particles of the Tokelauan language are ia, a (or ā), a te, and ia te. It is closely related to Tuvaluan and is related to Samoan and other Polynesian languages. ā (/aː/), ē (/eː/), ī (/iː/), ō (/oː/), ū (/uː/), The Tokelauan alphabet is phonemic, except for long vowels that are not differentiated orthographically by most Tokelauan writers. The four elements are: Subject/agent case marking, Verb modalities, Fusion or co-lexicalization, and Separation. For example, 'mother's sister,' 'male cousin's brother' and 'sister's nephew' are all different terms in the Tokelauan language. An indefinite article is used when there is no specification of the noun being referred to. Simply log in and add new translation. It is the official language of Tokelau. The word Kāiga means 'kinship'. There are five types of predicates including: verbal, locative, existential, possessive, and nominal. Tokelau is a dependency of New Zealand and has three main parts: Atafu atoll, Nukunonu atoll, and Fakaofo atoll. For example, toha and tofa both mean goodbye but can be pronounced differently. [6] The sounds for h, s, f and wh can all be used interchangeably. The most common language is Tokelauan, about half the people are able to speak English. Below is a table displaying the predicative possessive pronouns in the Tokelauan language. Their isolation and lack of resources greatly limits economic development and confines agriculture to the subsistence level. The people live in four villages: Two of them are on Fakaofo. Type: ... Three coral atolls in the South Pacific that are a self-administering territory of New Zealand. The heritage language of the community starts to diminish as parents stray away from teaching their children the local language, in hopes that they will succeed in learning the more dominant language. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language spoken by a majority of the population of Tokelau Island. '”[13] (Quoted from Givón), Verb modalities: “'The higher the main verb is on the binding scale, the less likely is the complement verb to display the tense-aspect-modality markings characteristics of main-clause verbs. In Tokelau the spoken language is English and the written language is English . [8] In this case, rather than nā as the article, the singular definite noun te would be used. It is spoken by about 1,500 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighboring American Samoa. It is, alongside English, the official language of Tokelau. Tokelau Language Week Te vaiaho o te gagana Tokelau Mālo ni, . GDP Year. During the 1960s schools began teaching their peoples how to read and write their own language. Niue and Tokelau … There is a struggle to teach a language that is spoken by only handful of people, when learning a widely known language such as English has a much greater benefit in their society. The following is a list of territories where English is an official language. The h and wh sounds are from the older dialect, while the f and s sounds are from the newer one. Glosbe is a collaborative project and every one can add (and remove) translations. Example: Ko taku fakatatau lava pe na maua lava te vaiaho. Those residing in the three atolls of Tokelau are known to have shown much resistance to the macron, while the Tokelauan speakers of New Zealand are more open and accepting of adopting the use of this linguistic symbol. Tokelau does not have a central capital; each atoll has its own administrative centre. Mâlô. '”[13] (Quoted from Givón), Fusion or co-lexicalization: “'The higher the main verb is on the binding scale, the more likely is the complement verb to co-lexicalize with the main verb. The most important languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. 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